100% clean and renewable wind, water, and solar (WWS)
all-sector energy roadmaps for 139 countries of the world
|[ click here for explanatory video of above image ]|
Sam Carana suggests that feebates, especially when implemented locally, can best facilitate the necessary shift. Moreover, when energy feebates are implemented jointly with feebates in further areas, greenhouse gas emissions could be cut by 80% by 2020, while soils, atmosphere and oceans could be restored to their pre-industrial status over the course of the century.
|[ the above emission cuts and feebates images were used in a meanwhile dated 2011 post ]|
To achieve the most effective and rapid shift, Sam Carana recommends implementing two types of feebates, i.e. energy feebates and further feebates such as fees on sales of livestock products while using the revenues to fund rebates on soil supplements containing biochar.
Sam Carana adds that further lines of action will be needed to prevent Earth from overheating, warning that comprehensive and effective action is needed as described in the Climate Plan.
The image below shows that a shift to 100% clean (WWS) energy by 2050 (80% by 2030) could reduce CO2 to ~350 ppmv by 2100.
|[ from Jacobson et al. 2015 ]|
- How Renewable Energy Could Make Climate Treaties Moot (2015)
- 100% Wind, Water, and Solar (WWS) All-Sector Energy Roadmaps for Countries and States
- The Solutions Project - 100% Renewable Energy
- Climate Plan